Virginia Unique Standards
Standards enacted by the Safety and Health Codes Board for enforcement by the Department of Labor and Industry. These are unique to Virginia and can be accessed by clicking the links below. They are unique in the sense that federal OSHA either does not have a comparable standard or, if it does, it differs substantively and has been superseded by the unique Virginia standard.
- 16VAC25-73, Tree Trimming Operations This regulation contains arboriculture safety requirements for tree trimming operations.
- 16 VAC 25-97, Reverse Signal Operation This regulation contains safety requirements for vehicles, machinery and equipment for general industry and the construction Industry.
- 16 VAC 25-70, Confined Space Standard Telecommunications Industry This regulation contains the requirements for entry into confined spaces.
- Overhead High Voltage Line Safety Act
- 16 VAC 25-145, Fall Protection for Subpart R – Steel Erection This regulation contains fall protection standards.
- 16 VAC 25-180, Field Sanitation, Agriculture This regulation contains field sanitation requirements in agriculture settings.
- 16 VAC 25-160, Construction Industry Standard for Sanitation, This regulation contains sanitation requirements in the construction industry.
- 16 VAC 25 -60, Administrative Regulation for the Virginia Occupational Safety and Health Program, This regulation contains VOSH specific rules and requirements.
- 16 VAC 25-75, General Industry Standard for Telecommunications, General, Approach Distances, This regulation contains distance requirements for employees in the telecommunication industry.
- 16VAC 25-200, Voluntary Protection Program This regulation contains VPP specific requirements.
The State Plan agreement between the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration of the U.S. Department of Labor and Virginia gives the Commonwealth authority to regulate occupational safety and health within its jurisdiction for General Industry, Construction, Agriculture, and the Public Sector.
The Safety and Health Codes Board has adopted occupational safety and health standards for enforcement by the Department of Labor and Industry. Virginia Code Section 40.1-1 provides that the Virginia Department of Labor and Industry be responsible for administering and enforcing occupational safety and health activities within the Commonwealth. Within the Department, regulation of Virginia occupational safety and health falls under the purview of the VOSH (Virginia Occupational Safety and Health) Program.
The vast majority of the Virginia occupational safety and health standards are identical to federal OSHA standards. For example, 16 VAC 25-175 will be referred to simply as § 1926.650, or “Virginia Excavation Standard, Construction Industry.” The “VAC” number for each unique regulation is also listed, and, this “VAC” number is what will appear on any violation citation issued by VOSH.
Federal OSHA retains authority over the following Virginia industries: private-sector maritime (shipyard, marine terminals, longshoring, gear certification), federal military facilities, as well as other federal enclaves where civil jurisdiction has been ceded by the State to the federal government. Federal OSHA jurisdiction is also retained with respect to federal government employers and employees; and over working conditions where a federal agency has exercised statutory authority to enforce safety and health standards.