FAQs – Youth Employment Law
- Minors must be 14 to work in most jobs.
- Minors 14 and 15:
- must have an employment certificate,
- have limited hours they can work, and
- cannot work in certain jobs.
- Minors 16 and 17 are barred from working in certain particularly hazardous jobs. Virginia Code § 40.1-100
- Does a minor child need an employment certificate prior to beginning work?
Yes, minors under the age of 16 must obtain an employment certificate prior to their first day of employment.
- May not work more than 3 hours a day on a school day;
- May not work more than 18 hours a week in a school week;
- May not work more than 8 hours a day on a non-school day;
- May not work more than 40 hours a week in a non-school week;
- May not work before 7 a.m. or after 7 p.m., except between June 1st and Labor Day, they may work as late as 9 p.m.;
- May not work during school hours unless enrolled in a school work-training program;
- Must be given a 30-minute rest or meal period after 5 consecutive hours of work.