Minors 16 and 17 do not have to obtain work permits and do not have limited hours, but are barred from working in certain hazardous jobs.
What jobs are minors prohibited from working?
Minors under the age of 16 are prohibited from working in several
occupations that are considered unhealthy, unwholesome or
dangerous. Minors aged 16 or 17 are barred from working a shorter
list of particularly hazardous occupations.
A list of hazardous occupations that minors are barred from working
may be found by visiting the Department of Labor and Industry
website at www.doli.virginia.gov and following the links to labor
and employment and frequently asked questions.
It is important to know the child labor laws and to make sure your working teen also knows those laws. You should keep in mind that the child labor laws provide a basic level of protection but do not cover all risks at work. Additionally, your teen may be exposed to risks because he/she does not understand risks at work. The following list of questions was developed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health for parents of working teens:
Tasks: What tasks is your teen asked to do? Could any of these tasks
cause an injury? For example is he or she asked to lift heavy objects,
work alone at night, or use chemical cleaners?
Training: Has your teen been trained to do assigned tasks safely? Is he
or she trained before being asked to do a new task?
The Workplace: Are there hazards in the workplace, such as slippery
floors, locked or blocked exits or machines without safety guards?
Does your teen know how to report hazards? Is the teen ever left to
Supervision: Is a supervisor always nearby? Does he or she listen to
employees’ concerns? Is your teen comfortable talking to the
Safety Equipment: Does the job require goggles, gloves, special
shoes or other safety equipment? If so, does your teen have and use
Depending on the answers you get to the preceding questions, maybe your teen’s job is not the right one for him or her.
*National Institute of Health, Are you a Working Teen
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Wednesday, August 30, 2006 12:45 PM