Skip to Content
Agencies | Governor
Search Virginia.Gov

Services

About DOLI

Top Performing State Logo Best State For Business Ranking Best State For Business Ranking

Labor Law

Regional Office Location Map Roanoke Regional Office verona Field Office Northern Virginia Regional Office Central Regional Office Tidewater Regional Office

Frequently Asked Questions: Child Labor Law - cont.

What are the requirements for minors under the age of eighteen to participate in volunteer fire fighting?
The general rule is that teenagers under the age of eighteen years of age may not work in an occupation that has been declared hazardous by the Commissioner of Labor and Industry. The Commissioner of Labor and Industry has declared fire fighting to be a hazardous occupation. In addition to the occupations that have been declared hazardous, child labor laws specifically prohibit teenagers under the age of eighteen from many other activities that may be involved in fire fighting.

However, under Virginia Code § 40.1-79.1, minors who have attained the age of sixteen may participate fully in all activities of a volunteer fire company, if the minor has obtained Level One firefighter certification, the minor has his or her parent or guardian’s permission and there is a town, city or county ordinance in place (in the jurisdiction of residence of the minor) permitting persons sixteen years of age and older to participate under these circumstances. For more information about the Level One firefighter certification you should visit the Virginia Department of Fire Programs web site at www.vafire.com. Training to attain the Level One firefighter certification is likewise permissible for minors sixteen years of age if the minor has his or her parent or guardian’s consent and the minor’s town, city or county has adopted the aforesaid ordinance. If all of the conditions set out in this paragraph exist, then the general rule does not apply.

For specific information pertaining to your locality, you will need to contact the appropriate Town or County Attorney’s office.

Finally, Virginia Code § 40.1-103 states that “It shall be unlawful for any person employing or having the custody of any child willfully or negligently to cause or permit the life of such child to be endangered or the health of such child to be injured, or willfully or negligently to cause or permit such child to be placed in a situation that its life, health or morals may be endangered, or to cause or permit such child to be overworked, tortured, tormented, mutilated, beaten or cruelly treated. Any person violating this section shall be guilty of a Class 6 felony.” This provision is enforced by the appropriate local Commonwealth’s Attorney, who should be contacted for his or her interpretation as to whether Virginia Code § 40.1-103 may apply even if all of the conditions of Virginia Code § 40.1-79.1 have been met.

FAQs Child Labor Law- Page 1





Employment - Public Records - Disclaimer - Privacy Policy - VOSH Training - Site Map - Contact Us - Feedback - YouTube
Virginia Department of Labor and Industry - Headquarters: Main Street Centre Bldg. 600 East Main Street, Suite 207, Richmond, Virginia 23219-4101
Telephone Number - Office: 804.371.2327 TDD: Fax: 804.786.2376 - Our Hours are from 8:15 A.M. to 5:00 P.M., Monday - Friday