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Labor Law

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Frequently Asked Questions: Child Labor Law
  1. At what age can a minor child work?
    Generally, 14 years of age.


  2. What are the primary requirements for minors who work?
  1. Does a minor child need an employment certificate prior to beginning work?
    Yes, minors under the age of 16 must obtain an employment certificate prior to their first day of employment.


  2. Where can an employment certificate be obtained? Click here for instructions.


  3. What hours can a 14 or 15 year-old work?
  1. Are minors prohibited from working in certain jobs?
    Yes. Minors under 16 are prohibited from several occupations, which are considered unhealthy, unwholesome or dangerous. Minors aged 16 and 17 are barred from working in a shorter list of particularly hazardous occupations. For a list of these occupations, click here.


  2. Can civil monetary penalties be assessed against an employer?
    Yes. A penalty of up to $10,000 may be assessed for any violation that results in the serious injury or death of a minor and a penalty of up to $1,000 may be assessed for other violations of the child labor laws. An employer may be fined for each minor who is employed if the Code's requirements are not met for each individual."

FAQs Child Labor Law- Page 2





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Virginia Department of Labor and Industry - Headquarters: Main Street Centre Bldg. 600 East Main Street, Suite 207, Richmond, Virginia 23219-4101
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